Reftagger

Thursday, April 11, 2019

Word for Word: Episode 42

יִשְׁרְצ֣וּ הַמַּ֔יִם שֶׁ֖רֶץ נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֑ה

Waters, swarm with living swarms

The fifth day God continues to define His creation by its continuing testimony. First, the sprouts sprouted; then the lights lit. And as animal life (Hebrew: נֶ֣פֶשׁ חַיָּ֑ה -- nephesh khavah ) was created, the lower forms of aquatic life (Hebrew: שֶׁ֖רֶץ sherets, swarming or creeping things) began to swarm, or teem (שָׁרַץ   sharats) in the water.

There was no need to give a lot of detail. God created things in general categories that any observer could relate to. If it moved about in large groups, it was a "swarm".

It is notable that the "soulish life" is first mentioned in the lowest creatures. This kind of life is reserved for the "animal kingdom" from plankton to pachyderm, and beyond. What came first in the water, and would continue into the air.


Monday, April 1, 2019

Word for Word: Episode 41

יֹ֥ום רְבִיעִֽי

The fourth day

A lot happened on the fourth day. The word רְבִיעִֽי (rebiy`iy fourth) is is a form of אַרְבַּע (arba` four). Both words are derived from רָבַע (raba` to lie stretched out). The usage of the derivatives may indicate that the verb is descriptive of four limbs stretched out.

וַיִּתֵּ֥ן אֹתָ֛ם

And He set them

In the study of this day, the centrality of the earth is evident. In a special way (Hebrew:  נָתַן nathan, to give) the vast heavens were "populated" especially for the benefit of the planet made for mankind.

The words introduced in these six verses were:

[ma'or] מָאוֹר luminary, lamp

['oth] אוֹת sign, signal

[mo`ad] מוֹעֵד appointed place or time

[shanah] שָׁנָה year

[galod] גָּדוֹל great, large

[qatan] קָטָן insignificant, small

[memshalah] מֶמְשָׁלָה rule, realm

[kolab] כּוֹכָב star

[nathan] נָתַן to give, set, put

[rabiy`iy] רְבִיעִי fourth, from רָבַע (raba` lie stretched out)